ANNA KOZOWSKA ZABURZENIA EMOCJONALNE U DZIECI W WIEKU PRZEDSZKOLNYM PDF
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Part One Methodology of Logopedic Research contains studies on competence the knowledge about man and the world, which allows individuals to construct the space of social functioning.
The question about the methods of investigating the presented problems is still relevant these are: The papers published in the part are attempts to answer the question. Part Two Speech Disorders presents studies that complement the already thorough knowledge on biological dysfunctions that przedezkolnym these disorders: It is defined by the thesis about the possibility of changes of undesirable states in linguistic behaviors: We are sure that as diagnostic knowledge broadens, logopedic treatment acquires new methods and becomes more effective.
This is evidenced by studies published in Part Three Logopedic Therapy. These articles present the ways of improving functions essential for language and speaking: We especially recommend this program to the readers attention on account of the author s scholarly accomplishments and because of her practical experience. On behalf of the editorial team of Logopedia I would like to thank the authors of the articles and the reviewers of this issue: Lilianna Konopska, and Prof.
Agnieszka Horodecka Spelling and zaburzeniia efficiency of first and second grade students of primary school. Evaluation of rewritten texts II. Dysarthria Urszula Mirecka Suprasegmentals in dysarthric speech in cases of cerebral palsy.
Logopedic Therapy Formation Skills magdalena czajkowska, ewa kaptur Vojta therapy in the diagnosis and the zaburzeina swallow breathe triad treatment of a prematurely born child Katarzyna Plutecka Conditions of auditory-verbal education lozowska deaf children Dysarthria Monika Kowalska Methods supporting logopedic therapy of patients with dysarthria in Moebius syndrome.
To narrow down the scope of discussion, poetry for children paidial poetry in speech therapy has been chosen as the main subject of study. This kind of writing, which constitutes a part of cultural sphere that is usually understood and interpreted through cultural cognitive competence, may become a new dzleci for broadening the range of diagnostic strategies in speech therapy.
Moreover, poems which revolve around child s point of view are often seen as a link between two speech therapy procedures: It can also be assumed that culture is very closely tied to both language and speech. The definition of cultural competence It has been assumed that cultural competence, along with language competence and communicative competence, constitutes a part of the linguistic competence.
Such claim has been made with the reference to the concepts produced by educational linguistics a field which can be defined przedzzkolnym general linguistics, created for lingua-educational needs, which forms a collection of theoretically and methodologically arranged concepts and parameters that are used in language teaching Rittel aaburzenia To put the assumption in other words, it can be claimed that the linguistic competence encompasses the following stages: Cultural competence, which is sometimes emocjonzlne cultural knowledge or interactional competence, is the ability to participate annq culture the sine qua non condition of such participation Rittel a: It should be associated with such notions as: Moreover, cultural competence is also a result of achieving the language competence innate and subconscious knowledge of the ideal speaker-listener, which allows for the creation and understanding of the grammatically correct sentences of the given language Chomsky It is also the result of acquiring the communicative competence prxedszkolnym basis of all social linguistic actions and of the skill to use the language adequately to the intentions of the speaker, the back.
Without the acquisition of language competence and communicative competence, it is impossible to acquire cultural przedszklnym. From the methodological perspective, which aims to analyse the literary text in terms of speech therapy usage here: To sum it up, cultural competence is strongly related to cognitive, ethical and transcendent values see: From the point of view of speech therapy, cultural competence is defined in a slightly different way.
The pioneering works of this field refer to it as knowledge of the factual reality which is acquired through language.
At the same time, it was emphasised that communication is impossible without cultural competence and that it is preceded by linguistic competence Grabias What is more, a group of biological abilities that were obligatory for the acquisition of cultural competence was selected for the first time – which can be considered a new step in comparison to other branches of applied linguistics Kozowsia The biological foundations that determine the communicative process which is also dependent on the level of cultural competence include: As will been shown further in the article, the understanding of cultural texts is going to be difficult or impossible without these foundations.
On the other hand, some of the texts such as poetry for children used in therapeutic purposes – may actually become a way of reducing the negative effect of those dysfunctions.
The development of the theory and methodology of speech therapy has caused cultural anna and cognitive competence to be synonymous in meaning. They have been treated as such since Grabias a: The newest studies regard cognitive eocjonalne as a part of diagnostic process, anns cultural competence is seen as an element of prognostic-therapeutic procedures Grabias Semantics, as a study of meaning While examining the relation between speaker s utterance and his biological potential, the researcher can: The theory of paidial poem in speech therapy According to Maria Ostasz, who co-created the theory of the paidial poetry from Ancient Greek: The perception of paidial poetry is based on entertainment and spontaneous education Ostasz In order to broaden its definition, we can assume that: The perception of paidial poetry is based on entertainment and spontaneous education, and its use can be applied in the diagnostic and prognostic processes of speech therapy.
In other words, it can aid: Such theoretical assumption opens the possibility of a structured and twofold description of our field of research. Firstly, logopedic paidial poetry can be seen as link between two therapeutic procedures of speech therapy building the linguistic, communicative, and cultural competences, and the improvement of the functions of speech Grabias The use of paidial poems enhances the methodology of the speech therapy procedures, in particular the programming of the therapy and its implementation.
From the scientific point of view, such approach to the field of zabruzenia serves two practical purposes exploring the world and changing oneself accordingly see in: Secondly, logopedic paidial poem becomes a certain research category ontological, epistemic which borders with several other scientific fields.
Its interdisciplinary nature allows it to bring together linguistics here: From the perspective of the theory of science, such a broad term should be treated as a notion of epistemic nature that also plays a role in the process of knowledge transferring.
The dual character of logopedic paidial poem has been illustrated in Chart 1. Two levels of interpretation of paidial poem methodological theoretical and methodical practical. Ostasz, Michalik Cultural competence and logopedic paidial poem in the therapeutic procedures The definition of speech that follows from the field of logopedics regards cultural cognitive competence as a very important notion with broad applicative potential.
Its acquisition ensures the capacity to learn about the world and interpret it correctly and, consequently, to pass this interpretation to others. The logopedic definition of speech, which involves the knowledge about the world, makes reference to three complementary human behaviours: I am sure that logopedic paidial poem a cultural text existing as a result of speech and fulfilling cognitive, accumulative, and therapeutic actions may act within a range of various therapeutic procedures: The first one involves the collective diagnostic actions, the second and the third the collective prognostic actions cf.: The first area encompasses the cognitive functioning of humans; the second one includes passing-on of the knowledge and realization of intentions.
In terms of cognitive functions description, we usually take into account the following aspects: In the case of passing-on of the knowledge and fulfilling intentions, we assess the following: The suggested plan for description of the cognitive functions and the passingon of knowledge and intentions is the most vital part of the logopedic diagnostic process.
It precedes the stage of interpretation of linguistic behaviour and speech disorders. Logopedic paidial poem as the element of cultural sphere that we get to know through cultural competence may become a new and unique tool which broadens the scope of logopedic diagnostic strategies. Table 1 includes the list of paidial poems which correspond to the particular stages of diagnostic process in speech therapy Prognostic procedures The results of description and interpretation obtained during the diagnosis of the cognitive processes and the ability to convey the knowledge give us the information required for the description of the speech disorder its causes and symptoms.
“Model zdrowego stylu życia jako zadanie interdyscyplinarne” Tom II
The role of the prognostic stage is to lessen the negative effects of the disorder. From the perspective of the collective therapeutic action, we can distinguish three diagnostic procedures which constitute the basis for the classification of speech disorders: The list of logopedic paidial poetry divided into the different areas of diagnostic process. Brzechwa, Nie pieprz, Pietrze ; J. Polaski, Nurek z Emocjonane, M.
Grabowska-Bednarz, Muchy Duchy; U.
POLISH LOGOPEDIC SOCIETY ISSN LOGOPEDIA LUBLIN 2016
Brzechwa, Nie pieprz, Pietrze, Sroka; M. Grabowska- Bednarz, Muchy Duchy L. Tuwim, Ptasie radio; Lokomotywa; J. Brzechwa, Nie pieprz, Pietrze ; T.
Grabowska-Bednarz, Czarna magia; U. Polaski, Szyszka w koszyku; U. Tuwim, Ptasie radio; M. Its categorization into different areas was prepared by the author rpzedszkolnym this article. Ostasz, Michalik used in aphasia, pragnosia, mental disorders, dementia Grabias The logopedic paidial poem has an important role to play within all of those procedures.
POLISH LOGOPEDIC SOCIETY ISSN LOGOPEDIA LUBLIN PDF
In the case of the first one, it helps in building the three competences in children with underdeveloped perceptive skills. In the second procedure, it plays a significant role in improving functions of speech.
Building cultural competence should have a dual character. On one hand, we should develop higher psychological actions; on the other linguistic and communicative competences. The first stage of cultural competence building in children with underdeveloped perceptive skills is the ritualisation of established conventions.
Such rituals, non-linguistic at first but from the start based on the circular time concept of rituals and nature must be based on emotions. The next stage, which involves giving names to certain ritualized actions, orzedszkolnym the beginning of the linguistic picture of the world and culture.
Both the internalisation of conventions and the naming of the ritualised actions may be achieved through the 3 The possibility of wiekku logopedic paidial kozowsoa in the second and the third procedures will be discussed in a separate article.
It is of utmost importance to stimulate the child, in whom we suspect underdeveloped perceptive skills, with the elements of the reality which surround him. If we assume that culture is the way to conceptualise, categorise, and experience the world Anusiewicz Values are an important element of cultural competence.
The basic ones that the speech therapist can transfer to the child are: Paidial poems with logopedic functions will promote those values within the therapeutic process. Internalised linguistic competence is a guarantee of the proper development of cognitive functions in children in their lexical, semantic, and narrative aspects and of the undisturbed transfer of knowledge and intentions showing intentions, speech functions, dialogue and social skills.