Treaty of Hudaibiyah; Treaty between the Quraysh and Prophet Muhammad ( The Prophet then reached a place called Hudaibiya, on the precincts of the. Also reflective of this change was the selection by them of one, Suhayl bin Amr, whom they sent to the camp of the Muslims to conclude a treaty with the Prophet . Hudaibiya Treaty – A Textual Analysis. Khan Yasir. Uploaded by. Khan Yasir. Khan Yasir • To be ice-cool in demeanour, • To be fire-hot in determination, • To be.

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Muhammad attempted to make a pilgrimage to the Kaba in Mecca. As he neared Meccan troops opposed him and forbid him to proceed to Mecca. However, the Meccans entered into negotiations with him.

About ten miles outside of Mecca, by the spring of Hudaybiyya, Muhammad and the Meccans concluded a treaty known as the Treaty of Hudaybiyya. This treaty humiliated the Muslims and Muhammad. Later as he journeyed home, Muhammad told his followers that the affair at Hudaybiyya was in fact a “victory”.

As proof of the victory Muhammad promised his followers that they would have the “booty” of the Jewish settlement of Khaibar. Weeks later Muhammad attacked and plundered Khaibar. In March of A. Muhammad had had a vision of going to Mecca and venerating at the Kaba.

The Arabs in charge of Mecca refused to allow Muhammad to enter Mecca and sent their army out to stop him. They did not want it to appear that they were weak and Muhammad had done something against their will.

This treaty was humiliating to the Muslims. Both Umar and Abu Bakr complained about the treaty’s provisions. Surprisingly, as he returned to Medina, he proclaimed the Meccan rejection of his pilgrimage, and the humiliating treaty, a “victory”. Muhammad attempted to mask his degrading compromise with the Meccans by claiming to have a revelation found in Sura To insure his followers that he had indeed won a victory Muhammad even hudaibiyx a source for the spoils of war.

Muhammad promised them the booty of Khaibar. Six weeks later Muhammad attacked Khaibar, conquered the Jews there, and distributed the spoils of war. Further, the Quran mentions the dream Muhammad had to go to the Kaba in He called together the Arabs and neighboring Bedouin to march with him, fearing that Quraysh [the people of Mecca] would oppose him with arms or prevent him from visiting the temple, as they actually did.

The Prophet set out in the company of more than one-thousand of his companions in the year of Al-Hudaibiya, and when he reached Dhul-Hulaifa, he garlanded his Hadi i. The Prophet proceeded on till he reached a village called Ghadir-al-Ashtat. There his spy came and said, “The Quraish infidels have collected a great number of people against you, and they have collected against you the Ethiopians, and they will fight with tdeaty, and will stop you from entering the Ka’ba and prevent you.

Give me your opinion. Do you recommend that I should destroy the families and offspring of those who want to stop us from the Ka’ba?

If they should come to us for peace then Allah will destroy a spy from the pagans, or otherwise we will leave them in a miserable state.

You have come with the intention of visiting this House i. Ka’ba and you do not want to kill or fight anybody. So proceed to it, and whoever should stop us from it, we will fight him. Muhammad proceeded a little further. Then, Muhammad’s camel treaaty stopped and knelt. Muhammad took that as a sign from God. Thereupon the prophet said, “It has not stopped but it has been prevented from moving forward by Him who had prevented the people of elephants.


By Allah, if they rreaty me for anything that retains the sanctity of Allah, I shall grant. But the Sirat records Muhammad’s words slightly different: Bukhari adds in 3. The Prophet treath on advancing till he reached the Thaniya i. The she-camel of the Prophet sat down. The people tried their best to cause the she-camel to get up but in vain, so they said, “Al-Qaswa’ i. Al-Qaswa’ has become stubborn! No doubt, the war has weakened Quraish and they have suffered great losses, so if they wish, I will conclude a truce with them, during which they should refrain from interfering between me and the people i.

But if they do not accept the truce, by Allah in Whose Hands my life is, I will fight with them defending my Cause till I get killed, but I am sure Allah will definitely make His Cause victorious.

Although Muhammad did not set out to make war upon the Quraysh, the Quraysh opposed his coming to Mecca. As they found out about Muhammad’s approach, they sent their troops out to stop him. He sent word to the Quraysh about his peaceful intentions, but they replied. The two groups parleyed, finally, the Quraysh sent a man to work out a treaty with Muhammad.

After a long discussion peace was made and nothing remained but to write an agreement. Bukhari adds in 5.

Treaty of Hudaybiyyah

Suhail refused to conclude the truce with Allah’s Apostle except on this condition. The believers disliked this condition and got disgusted with it and argued about it. But when Suhail refused to conclude the truce with Allah’s Apostle except on that condition, Allah’s Apostle concluded it.

Accordingly, Allah’s Apostle then returned Abu Jandal bin Suhail to his father, Suhail bin ‘Amr, and returned every man coming to him from them during that period even if he was a Muslim. The believing women Emigrants came to Medina and Um Kulthum, the daughter of ‘Uqba bin Abi Mu’ait was one of those who came to Allah’s Apostle and she was an adult at that time.

Her relatives came, asking Allah’s Apostle to return her to them, and in this connection, Allah revealed the Verses dealing with the believing women. Aisha said, “Allah’s Apostle used to test all the believing women who migrated to him, with the following Verse: When the believing Women come to you, to give the pledge of allegiance to you.

Pact of Al-Ḥudaybiyah

However, this Treaty was not to the Companions liking: Bukhari writes in 3. Isn’t he truly Allah’s Prophet?

Adhere to him as, by Allah, he is on the right. Won’t our killed persons go to Paradise, and theirs in the Fire? Sahih Muslim in volume 3, Khattab came, approached the messenger of Allah and said: Allah will never ruin me. The narrator said”Umar went away, but he could not contain himself with rage.

hudaibiya treaty – IslamiCity

So he approached Abu Bakr and said, “Abu Bakr, aren’t we fighting for truth and they for falsehood? Despite their dislike of the agreement, they went along with it, keeping faith in Muhammad. Now the terms of the hudwibiya were written, and further hudwibiya was suffered by Muhammad and the Muslims: The apostle told him to write the latter and he did so. Write your own name and the name of your father. Abdullah has agreed with Suhayl v.


We will not show enmity one to hduaibiya and there shall be no secret reservation of bad faith During the making of the Treaty an event occured that tested it.

A Meccan who had just joined Muhammad and the Muslims was demanded by the Meccans and then forcibly taken back to Mecca: The apostle’s companions had gone out without any doubt of occupying Mecca because of the vision which the apostle had seen, and when they saw treqty negotiations for peace and a withdrawal going on and what the apostle had taken treqty himself they felt depressed almost trewty the point of hudaibiha. When Suhayl saw Abu Jandal he got up and hit him in the face and took hold of his collar, saying, “Muhammad, the agreement between us was concluded before this man came to you.

He began to pull him roughly by his collar and to drag him away to return him to Quraysh, while Abu Jandal shrieked at the top of his voice, “Am I to be returned to the polytheists that they may entice me from my religion O Muslims?

Bukhari says in 3. Will I be returned to the pagans though I have come as a Muslim? Don’t you see how much I have suffered? The Muslims did not like this condition and got disgusted with it. Suhail did not agree except with that condition. Thenceforward the Prophet returned everyone in that period of truce even if he was a Muslim. Later, huaibiya Muslims were also returned. All in all, Muhammad and the Muslims were humiliated at Hudaybiyya.

They were stopped from entering Mecca to worship Allah, they agreed to a one-sided treaty, Muhammad was forced to re-write parts of the treaty that the Quraysh didn’t like, and some of their fellow Muslims were forcibly taken back to Mecca.

Now, another curious part of the affair occurred. About half way back to Medina, Muhammad received a “revelation” supposedly from God: Another “revelation” Muhammad had with regard to the event, is found in Sura Bukhari adds in 6.

Here, a number of days after the repulse at Hudaybiyya, Muhammad attempted to extract victory from failure, and proclaimed that Hudaybiyya was a real victory. Somehow, forgiveness of sins was attached to this victory. But, Huadibiya followers questioned if it were a real victory. Bukhari states in 4. On that ‘Umar asked, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! In order to prove to his followers that they really did have a true victory, booty was promised.

God is mighty, wise. God has promised you much spoil which you will capture and has given you this in advance, and kept men’s hands from you, that it may be a sign to the believers and that He may guide you on an upright path, and other things which you have not been budaibiya to get.